P. thunbergii - puffy foliage P. thunbergii 'Thunderhead' needles P. thunbergii bonsai P. thunbergii P. thunbergii

Pinus thunbergii @ US Arboretum

Pinus Thunbergii | Japanese Black Pine

Evergreen. Great stature and grace alone or in masses even as a screen. Lustrous deep green needles with white, candles (buds) are particularly handsome. Conveys a spirit of ancient wilderness for any style garden.

Care-free, works very well for salty sites. Transfer B&B if root trimmed. Heat and drought tolerant.

‘Compacta’ dense large shrub
‘Globoso’ large dense globe
‘Mini Mounds’ 2’ to 4’/ 7’ to 9’
‘Mt Hood Prostrate’ dramatic low sweeping, 6’ to 8’ / 8’ to 12’
‘Thunderhead’ heavy buds, dwarf broad habit
P. thunbergii ‘Oculus Draconis’ has a neat yellow horizontal banding on needles

ZONES HARDINESS | SUN OR SHADE ….. 5 – 8 | full sun
GROWTH RATE ….. Medium
HEIGHT / WIDTH ….. 20’ to 80’ / 20’ to 40’ (great variation)
PLANT SHAPE & BRANCHING ….. Artistically uneven, but generally pyramidal in youth, spreading and pendulous with age

LEAF FORM & SHAPE ….. 2 persisting 3 to 5 years, 2 ½“ to 4 ½“ x 1/12, stiff, fine pointed, stomatic lines on surface
LEAF ARRANGEMENT ….. Needles twisted, appear as puffy ball shapes
LEAF COLOR ….. Evergreen | lustrous dark green

P. thunbergii bark
BARK | blackish gray on old trees, elongated irregular plates
CONES | subterminal, solitary or clustered, 1 ½“ to 3”, shiny light brown
CANDLES | tall showy white buds

Soil Quit salt tolerant, best growth in moist, fertile, well drained, will grow in sandy, used for reclaiming dunes.
Native to Japan
image Pinus thunbergii candles

davesgarden / Pinus thunbergii
dendrology @ VA tech / Pinus thunbergii
conifers.org / Pinus thunbergii